Lately, i’ve discussed with my friend – who is a mayoring in industrial design- about transportation planning. He concluded that, as a transportation engineer i had to consider about the value of human needs, esthetic factor, even ethics in transpotation planning. In his opinion, there was a lot of transportation’s policies that ignore these aspects, therefore they didn’t make a good success stories.
I’ve agreed with him, but, well, actually i didn’t catch the whole idea. 😦
and, then, aha… i just got it when i read this at one of the book that explains transportation planning.
Philosophical Elements. Largerly neglected, these elements are essential to the development of an optional working plan. Without adequate consideration of the philosophy of the planning process, two mayor difilcuties may arise. First, there is no way of defining with any degree of certainty what is an optimal plan and a bad plan. Second, a plan developed in isolation of community values will face substantial, if not overwhelming, obstacles to successful implementation.
there is four philosophical elements : Value, Goals, Objectives, and Criteria
Value : the underlying basic qualities upon which the etchics, morals, and preferences of society, groups, and individual are based. At least in the medium term these are irreducible and do not change
Goals : The idealized desired end at which the planning process is aimed. Proposals within the plan are aimed at moving society towards these ideal goals.
Objectives : Measurable operational statements of individual goals, defined without reference to attainability in terms of budgetary or other resource constrains.
Criteria : Indices of measurement capable of defining the degree to which an objective or goal has been attained
Transpontation planning process is a means of planning the use of resources to attain community goals and objective. In this context, the term community is used in its broadest sense, ranging from the international or national community down to a local group of individuals such as a neighborhood.
Goals and objectives of the transportation plan are set by the planner within the framework of the underlying and unchanging values of society. At the same time, criteria are established that can be used in the evaluation stage of operational planning. These criteria are dependent not only on the goals and objectives to be achieved, but on the form of the modelling process.